Hormones And Weight Loss: How Are They Related

Medically reviewed by Maria Sarino, MD FACT CHECKED

Hormones act as chemical messengers, traveling to organs and tissues through the blood.

The adrenal glands, pituitary, and thyroid, as well as the pancreas and other endocrine glands, are where hormones are produced.

Hormones are essential for many bodily functions, including metabolism, sexual function, mood swings, growth, and development. Their levels can shift dramatically.

Your body uses a sophisticated system of hormones, glands, and internal feedback loops to regulate your weight.

As you go about your day, this weight-management system typically operates automatically.

However, you could question whether your hormones are out of balance if the extra weight creeps up on you or weight-loss efforts feel slow.

Are hormones that control sex hormones, sugar levels, hunger, appetite, and stress working?

In this article, we will be looking at all about hormones and weight loss.

Hormones And Weight Loss

Numerous hormones can affect metabolism, which in turn affects our capacity for weight loss and gain. For instance, insulin transports glucose into cells for fat storage or energy.

The thyroid gland’s inactivity can also have an impact on metabolism.

An excessive amount of the stress hormone cortisol can contribute to an increase in belly fat, increase cravings and appetite, and have other negative effects.

In addition, hormones including testosterone, estrogen, growth hormone, and DHEA, among others, can influence our attempts to lose weight.

Several factors, including menopause in women, vitamin deficiencies, aging, and others, can lead to hormonal imbalances.

In addition to these issues, weight gain can aggravate existing conditions including sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, and asthma.

What Hormone Imbalances Can Affect Weight Loss?

The main hormones that affect the weight loss process are-

  • Insulin

    More fat is stored by the body when insulin levels are higher, especially around the abdomen.

    This specific fat, also known as visceral fat, is harmful to health and can lead to fatty liver disease and higher levels of inflammation.

    Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer are a few of the catastrophic illnesses that can result from this.

    Triglycerides, a kind of cholesterol that is also one of the factors in insulin resistance, have a significant role in cardiovascular illnesses and can raise a person’s chance of dying.

    As a result, it becomes a double curse because belly fat releases more triglycerides into the bloodstream posing a dangerous impact on health.

  • Estrogen

    Another hormone imbalance that affects weight loss and can happen at any age is estrogen.

    Estrogen Dominance is a disorder that develops when the balance between the hormones estrogen and progesterone is askew (more estrogen, not enough progesterone).

    If progesterone levels are very low, it is also possible to have low estrogen levels and still have estrogen dominance.

    This is typical, particularly for women who are approaching menopause when they reach their forties (also referred to as perimenopause).

    Since progesterone often wanes first, there is an imbalance between the two hormones. Weight gain, especially in the abdomen, is one of the signs of estrogen dominance.

    Additionally, keep in mind that abdominal fat increases insulin levels.

  • Thyroid

    Another typical hormonal imbalance that affects weight loss is one involving thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones have been known to pose a direct effect on metabolism.

    Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, affects 1 in 6 women and 1 in 10 men.

    Hair loss, exhaustion, weight gain, anxiety, depression, and other symptoms are among them.

    More than half of people with hypothyroidism go misdiagnosed is particularly alarming.

What Hormones Help With The Weight Loss Process?

Here are some hormones that help with the weight loss process-

  • Irisin

    Irisin is the hormone associated with exercise. This hormone aids in converting fat into brown adipose tissue, which the body can burn with ease.

    During aerobic activity, the muscles release this hormone. It aids in boosting metabolism, making you healthier and leaner.

  • Cholecystokinin

    Cholecystokinin is a hormone that is found throughout the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system.

    It is called the satiety hormone and activates the gallbladder and pancreas. It informs you when you’re full.

    Cholecystokinin is a peptide hormone that is said to be responsible for appetite control in the body.

  • Leptin

    Leptin suppresses hunger and plays a major role in the regulation of appetite. Leptin is released by fat cells to inform the body that it has enough energy reserves.

    However, it has been revealed that the bodies of fat persons do not react to these signals.

    Due to this, you end up eating when you’re not hungry. Leptin further regulates cravings.

    Leptin functions largely depend on how well the body balances between food consumption and energy expenditure so as to determine energy stores in the body.

  • Ghrelin

    The hunger hormone is known as ghrelin. When the body needs more food to produce the energy it needs, this hormone alerts the brain.

    Ghrelin is released from the stomach and alerts the brain to hunger. You can think you’re hungry even when you’re not if ghrelin is released at the incorrect time.

How To Balance Hormones For Weight Loss?

Here are some ways to balance hormones for weight loss-

  • Consume Healthy Meals

    A healthy lifestyle depends on getting enough nutrition, which can also prevent fluctuations in hormone levels.

    It’s crucial to get adequate fruits, vegetables, and protein while avoiding items heavy in fat and sugar.

    Several hormones that regulate your appetite and food intake are influenced by protein.

    You may prevent overeating by making sure your diet contains meals high in protein.

    Avoiding foods high in fructose and sugar may help your hormones get back on track because they raise insulin levels and encourage insulin resistance and avoiding their consumption might benefit you.

  • Healthy Fats Should Replace Carbs

    Several fat-containing foods that contain short-, medium-, and long-chain fatty acids are among the foods that regulate hormones.

    Your body needs a variety of fats, including saturated fat and cholesterol, to produce hormones.

    These vital fats serve as fundamental building blocks for the synthesis of hormones and also speed up metabolism, lower inflammation, and aid in weight loss.

    Refined carbohydrates cause inflammation and can disrupt the balance of your hormones; healthy fats have the opposite effect.

  • Exercise Regularly

    For some people, adopting an exercise plan and adhering to it requires a considerable lifestyle change.

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advise that for optimal bodily function, you should strive for 150 minutes of weekly moderate-intensity activity.

    Exercise is very beneficial for maintaining hormone balance. Exercise is the best way to decrease belly fat if you’re looking for advice on how to lose hormone fat.

  • Reduce Stress

    Stress can affect your hormones, particularly the stress hormone cortisol which could actually make people eat more under stress.

    By taking measures to lessen your stress could help you maintain a healthy hormonal balance.

    Meditation, listening to calming music, and exercise are a few examples of stress-relieving activities that are excellent for managing stress.


Your hormone levels may be in part to blame if, like many others, you’ve had trouble losing weight or keeping it off. Hormones govern every element of weight loss.

Weight loss may be challenging to achieve due to hormonal imbalances, which can impede diet and exercise efforts.

You will likely lack energy, have colds frequently, and may develop thyroid issues if your cortisol and testosterone levels are not properly managed.

You might as well, could get relief from all of these issues once the hormone levels are brought back to normal ranges again.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *