Sperm Motility: Measurements, Tips To Increase, And More

Medically reviewed by Maria Sarino, MD FACT CHECKED

It is generally accepted that motile sperm are required for fertilization to occur. Sperm motility is affected by many factors.

These include the environment in which they are produced, the level of spermatozoal activity, and the temperature at which they are stored.

The motility of sperm can be affected by a variety of diseases and conditions, including infection, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance.

In addition, certain medications, such as those used to treat cancer, can also affect sperm motility. Infertility is a common problem, affecting millions of couples worldwide. 

While there are many causes of infertility, sperm motility is one of the most important factors. If you are struggling to conceive, then it is important to talk to your doctor about your options.

sperm Motility

Sperm motility is the ability of sperm to move spontaneously and independently through the female reproductive tract. This is a critical function, as it allows sperm to reach and fertilize the egg.

Motile sperm make up a small percentage of the total sperm population in a man’s ejaculate.

Motility Of Sperm And General Semen Health

One indicator of the health of sperm and semen is motility. Other elements taken into account in a semen analysis are:

  • Semen Volume: Semen volume is the amount of semen released during ejaculation. A normal semen volume is between 2.0 and 5.0 mL. A low semen volume may be a sign of a fertility problem.
  • Semen pH: When a semen analysis is performed, the acidity or alkalinity of the semen (pH) is one of the factors that is considered. The ideal pH of semen is 7.2-7.8. A pH that is too high or too low could affect sperm motility and viability.
  • Semen Clarity: This measures how clear the semen is.
  • Semen Viscosity: Semen viscosity is a measure of the consistency of semen. It is an important factor in fertility and plays a role in the transport of sperm. High semen viscosity can impede fertility, while low semen viscosity can increase the risk of miscarriage.
  • Sperm Concentration: Sperm concentration is a measure of the number of sperm in a given volume of semen. A higher sperm concentration indicates a higher number of sperm per unit volume of semen. Sperm concentration is a key factor in determining a man’s fertility.
  • Total Sperm Count: Total sperm count is the total number of spermatozoa in an ejaculate. The average human male produces between 40 million and 300 million spermatozoa per ejaculate. However, only a fraction of these spermatozoa is functional.
  • Sperm Morphology: Sperm morphology is the study of the shape and form of sperm cells. It is an important aspect of fertility and reproductive medicine, as the morphology of sperm cells can impact fertility.

Types Of Sperm Motility

Progressive motility is the percentage of sperm cells that are moving forward in a straight line. Progressive motility is the best indicator of sperm quality because it shows that sperm cells can move properly. 

Non-progressive motility is the percentage of sperm cells that are moving but not progressing in a straight line.

It is not as good of an indicator because the sperm cells may be moving but not in a way that will allow them to fertilize an egg.

Total motility is the combined percentage of progressive and non-progressive motility. Total motility is not as good of an indicator because it includes both progressive and non-progressive motility.

The ideal progressive motility is greater than 50% and the ideal non-progressive motility is less than 40%.

What Affects Sperm Motility?

Many factors can affect sperm motility, including age, health, lifestyle, and even the time of day.

Age is one of the most important factors in sperm motility. As men age, their sperm motility typically decreases.

This is due to several factors, including declining testosterone levels and changes in the reproductive tract.

Health is also a major factor in sperm motility. Men who are generally unhealthy or who have certain health conditions, such as diabetes, are more likely to have lower sperm motility.

Lifestyle choices, such as smoking, drinking, and drug use, can also affect sperm motility.

Tips To Increase Sperm Motility

There are several things you can do to improve sperm motility. First, you can make sure to eat a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables.

You should also avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Additionally, you could try to reduce stress levels and get regular exercise.

By following these simple tips, you could make sperm stronger along with improving your sperm motility.

Final Remark

In conclusion, sperm motility is a complex and important process. By understanding sperm motility, we can better understand fertility and how to improve it.

You could maintain a good level of sperm motility in your body by getting yourself tested and paying attention to your lifestyle choices. 

Approaching the doctor when detected with low sperm motility will always be a wise choice along with making improvements in your diet and working out regularly.

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